Many of us, at the beginning of the way for the development of the basics of embroidery, Asked Questions: where to begin? What kind of cloth or thread to choose? And much more. The proposed article covers the main aspects, which can excite beginners masters. So, Getting Started, make sure, you have everything you need.
Necessary things for embroidery
Cloth (most often – canvas). If you own embroidering, without a set of embroidery, you should calculate it by calculator canvas. In no case should not measure "by eye";
The counter cross
If your work involves embroidery on counted cross, you will need canvas «Aida» uncoated drawing uniform texture. Number canvas usually indicates, how many squares accounted for 1 inch. (Standard – Aida №14)
Not Counted Cross
If your work involves no embroidery on counted cross, you should probably choose the original canvas «Aida» with an already deposited on it a picture.
If you like working with technology "tapestry", then you will need the original tough canvas coated with a color pattern on it.
Printed satin stitch and cross
If you liked the work is performed or printed cross stitch, you should choose the type of muslin cloth.
For, the fabric is not "ravel" on the edges, should neaten it or paste over the edge of a special tape.
The right amount of thread. If the offline, then at least one of each color hanks, that there was a clear full color. The rest can be purchased over time,;
To thread tangle during their use, better to cut them into smaller pieces and place on a punched card (cardboard divider thread), or a large ring. It may also facilitate the search for the desired color.
The scheme for embroidery. Either of a set of, or program, or from another source;
Any scheme does not reflect the size of the finished embroidery and transmits color accuracy (if the color scheme). The characters are marked with different colors for ease of reading. Cells in the diagram correspond to the squares on the canvas. Empty cells mean not embroider areas in.
Needle. Needles come in a variety of embroidery. Everyone chooses, at its discretion.
Accessories for embroidery
Also, you will need the hoop or the embroidery machine. If you do not use these handy tools, embroidery may look untidy and tightened.
There are several types of tensioning the canvas:
Choosing the size of the hoop, refer to the, Do you essential minimum coverage embroidery or need a complete picture. For, appeared not to imprint the rim hoop, you need to put a strip of tissue or other tissue paper between the embroidery and tambour. There are wooden and plastic hoop.
Stretcher (rectangular hoop) and the sliding frame
The sub-frame or sliding frame is needed in order, to evenly pull the large canvas. To her relief is attached masking tape along the edges of the canvas and nail studs to the frame. For added convenience, you can put the stretcher on the embroidery machine (machines are different - outdoor, sofa, all sorts of foot and holders frames.) Technique embroidery on the machine there is two kinds of: 1) with the active use of one hand; 2) with the use of two hands - one on top, Another bottom. Using both hands, it turns much faster, but it requires a certain skill.
The order of embroidery
To work centered on the canvas, should determine the center of the fabric. To do this, fold the canvas in half vertically and horizontally, that is, four times. In marked center should put the appropriate marking on the scheme X.
First performed basic stitches, which are used in concrete work, such as cross, half-cross, hladevыy trails, and then sewn complementary elements - French knots, backstitch, vykladnaya thread, etc..
Work should start from the wrong side on the front. Leaving a small tip of the thread on the wrong side, you need to fix it a few stitches on the fly. When the thread ends, it can be fixed under the already embroidered stitches. It is best to avoid knots due to the formation of irregularities. Dark colors of thread is better to hide under the same shades, to work is not looked untidy.
In the course of sewing is better not to make the long distances between the fragments of the same color for more than a 2 cm, trying to reach one thread. It should fix the rest of the thread and start over.
Stitches in the embroidery should be placed evenly and freely, otherwise the embroidery can be tightened.
In the course of the thread can be twisted, to avoid it, you need to let go of the needle, it is free to untwisted.
To the scheme does not come into disrepair from long use, it is possible to glue the edges and folds on tape. To facilitate reading circuits, You can paint over areas embroidered with colored markers. This will help avoid errors in execution. If, however, a mistake, it can be corrected, dismissing an incorrect fragment of a needle. You can also use the scissors with pointed tips, but you need to ensure that, so as not to damage the fabric or adjacent "right" areas.
At the end of the embroidery is washed in lukewarm water with dishwashing liquid. Then, it must be rinsed in water year. In order to remove residual moisture, embroidery should be wrapped in a towel and squeeze. Dry work needs to be on a gross basis. If, after washing in the embroidery color shed, as is the case with the rich colors of bright colors, it should be dipped in lukewarm water. Monitor the temperature regime of water every necessary 2 o'clock, until descend spots.
Embroidery should be ironed on the reverse side at a medium temperature. Press hard with the iron it is not necessary, not gone to relief paintings. If it's colored canvas, eg, black, possible to use gauze, in order to avoid traces of iron.
If embroidery stretched during operation and helped wash, it should be stretched on the board for stretching.
Making the frame
When the embroidery is ready, laundered and proglazhena, it can be arranged in the frame. You can call in a professional studio, which will pick up a baguette and a frame to match the embroidery. Or draw your own. For it is necessary to size the embroidery frame and cardboard slightly smaller. To place the product on the cardboard, aligning the center of embroidery and center paperboard, fixing them with a pin. Next, make a fastening pin the edges works. When the embroidery is placed on cardboard, you need to bend the edges of the canvas and glue them to the back of the cardboard, then remove the pin. Prepared embroidery should be inserted into the frame and seal the back of the colored paper, that the picture looked neat from any side.