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For those, who want to learn to rukodel′ničat′, cross stitch seems like a daunting task, but it does not. This method is good, that it does not require a large amount of complex materials.
Groundwork is called special fabric, designed for embroidery. This painting in the form of alternating crossing threads. From this intersection formed cells. It looks like a grid.
In some cases you want to embroider on fabric, where there is no possibility to take threads. Here comes to the aid of waybill canvas. This material, where threads are interwoven rarely. Slip into place on canvas, embroider. Canvas sometimes different colors. Sold by length, or pieces of cakes.
Foundation, running figure, Specifies the type of threads. So, If fabric is thin, exquisite, You must take the thin threads. If you use thick fabrics, embroidery is done thicker threads.
Cross-stitch Embroidery is done most often threads-FLOSS. They have a lot of positive qualities, namely:
- made from pure natural cotton;
- have a special glossy soft structure;
- not very prone to obfuscation;
- very convenient when working with small cells.
Consist of six plies Mouline. Without problems you can disconnect and use random number thread. Such threads embroidery:
- decorative and household items;
On sale they most often are 8-10 meters. Every manufacturer in the color map is a color palette of thread FLOSS. Room, is assigned to a thread, redkosten, He does not repeat.
High quality threads entirely correspond to assigned them a number and a color palette. Threads have a FLOSS excellent quality there are a number of pluses:
- impeccably even thickness throughout their length;
- never fade;
- do not fade.
Such properties have threads only the best manufacturers, which include European brands Anchor and DMC. The texture and quality of floss from these manufacturers differ perfection. This product is presented in a variety of colours.
Needles for embroidery
For cross-stitch, you must arm yourself with special needles, with rounded edge and oblong eyelet. Such needles easier and easier to get into the hole in the canvas, When you do this without hitting the canvas threads.
Needle size is selected depending on the number of strands of FLOSS, prodevaemyh needle threader, as well as rooms canvas. Data needles come in various sizes-the smallest No. 26, and the big no. 13.
If embroidery is taken tight fabric, It is convenient to run ordinary needles, with the sharp end. They also perform the desired outline.
Round hoops are the most common and frequently used. They come in different sizes is presented in the form of two rings of different diameters.
Canvas is superimposed on the bottom, top pressure second hoop. With the help of screws they are tightened, Thus regulated tension.
Very convenient for embroidery is embroidery on stand. Using this type of devices, embroidery can be performed with both hands, because there is no need to keep the hoop.
Professional craftswomen working on large paintings do on embroidery machines. They represent the frame on supports of different designs.
There are hoops:
- Wooden with metal screw. They consist of an outer and inner circle.
- Plastic with plastic screw. The structure is similar to the wooden.
- Square. Constitute a frame rectangle, which consists of two strips. Between them stretched canvas.
For works, related to cross-stitch Embroidery, need separate scissors. For this purpose should procure, having pointed ends. Such threads should be cut only with a pair of scissors and nothing more. In such a case, this tool will last for a long time. Portnovskimi scissors should be used for cutting fabric.
The scheme for embroidery
They, who first decided to master the technique of cross-stitch, can use specially designed schemes. They can be purchased in stores for needlework. Thanks to this scheme, the preparatory process will be significantly simplified and shortened for time. At the initial stage, need to buy a set of small size.
Scheme is a piece of paper with a picture of future product, which is broken into small cells. In each cell, that corresponds to the cross, icon, indicate color yarns. Diagrams can be:
- black and white.
Their necessarily accompanies the key. Details about the scheme can be found on the website mirvyshivki.ru. Sometimes a schema includes a key instruction, that specifies how to execute the individual spacers, and then all the work.